Monday, April 26, 2010
Japanese Multi-Foci Influence
I am proud to announce we have our first guest post here on TDH. Italian Dick-scholar, Umberto Rossi, who's written extensively on PKD provides for us a snippet from the book he is currently working on, tentatively titled Ontological Uncertainty in the Fiction of Philip K Dick, to be published by McFarland. Below, Rossi does the heavy lifting involved in determining which mulit-foci novel Dick repeatedly suggested in interviews inspired The Man in the High Castle.
"Though Dick insisted on his having drawn inspiration from Japanese novelists, he never specified who those novelists were. There are indeed important Japanese writers who earned a degree in French literature at the University of Tokyo (Kenzaburo Oe, Osamu Dazai, Hideo Kobayashi), while others studied French literature at the University of Kyoto (Hiroshi Noma and Shohei Ooka), but the works of these authors which were available in English translations before the publication of The Man in the High Castle do not have a multiple plot structure, though one of them, Horoshi Noma's war novel Zone of Emptiness (1952, translated into English in 1956) does have multiple points of view. It is however difficult to see it as a narrative model to Dick's 1962 novel because there is only one plot, pivoted on the tragic story of a Japanese soldier who is imprisoned for two years in a military penitentiary for a crime he has not committed and then sent to fight (and probably die) in a faraway Pacific island; and this novel has only two narrative foci, unlike Castle. Moreover, while Dick's novel presents the reader with a rather positive image of the Japanese domination in California, which is depicted as stern but substantially fair, Noma's novel denounces the corruption of the Imperial Japanese Army and the hypocrite and narrow-minded militarism which dominated the country in W.W.II years; though it is true that private Soda's desperate efforts to save the doomed protagonist, Kitani, from the deadly bureaucratic machine of the army may bear resemblance to the rebellion of the little man Nobosuke Tagomi, which instead manages to save Frank Frink from the deadly machine of Nazi racial warfare. But it is not enough to prove that Dick had read Zone of Emptiness; besides, a component of the plot is not equivalent to the overall architecture of a novel."
Here's Umberto's Bio and the list of articles on PKD he's written:
I am an independent scholar and secondary school teacher, I have written an am writing articles on Dick published in Italian and foreign academic journals, organized an International conference on Dick in 2000 with Italian and American scholars, wrote a book on 20th-Century war literature which also deals with Dick, and am currently writing a monograph on Dick for an US publisher.
As for my articles:
1. "Dick e la questione della tecnica (o Della tecnologia)", in Rosella Mamoli Zorzi e Francesca Bisutti de Riz (eds.), Technology and the American Imagination: An Ongoing Challenge, Atti del XII Convegno biennale AISNA, Venezia, Supernova, 1994, pp. 473-83.
2. "Just a Bunch of Words: The Image of the Secluded Family and the Problem of logos in P.K. Dick's Time out of Joint", Extrapolation, Vol. 37 No. 3, Fall 1996, pp. 195-211.
3. "Quattordici piccoli indiani", in Philip K. Dick, Nostri amici da Frolix 8, Roma, Fanucci, 1999, pp. 246-52.
4. "All Around the High Castle: Narrative Voices and Fictional Visions in Philip K. Dick's The Man in the High Castle", in Clericuzio, A., Goldoni, A. e Mariani A., Telling the Stories of America - History, Literature and the Arts - Proceedings of the 14th AISNA Biennial conference (Pescara, 1997), Roma, Nuova Arnica, 2000, pp. 474-83.
5. “Postfazione”, in Philip K. Dick, Svegliatevi dormienti [The Crack in Space], Roma, Fanucci, 2002, pp. 239-47.
6. "From Dick to Lethem: The Dickian Legacy, Postmodernism, and Avant-Pop in Jonathan Lethem's Amnesia Moon", Science-Fiction Studies # 86, 29:1, March 2002, pp. 15-33.
7. “Fourfold Symmetry: l'interazione dei livelli di realtà in tre romanzi più o meno prestigiosi di Philip K. Dick,” Acoma #23, spring 2002, pp. 100-13.
8. “Fourfold Symmetry: The Interplay of Fictional Levels in Five More or Less Prestigious Novels by Philip K. Dick”, Extrapolation, 43:4, Winter 2002, pp. 398-419.
9. "‘The Harmless Yank Hobby’. Mappe, giochi, missili e altre paranoie in Tempo fuori luogo di Philip Kindred Dick e L’arcobaleno della gravità di Thomas Ruggles Pynchon", in Carratello, Mattia e Ginacarlo Alfano (a c. di) La dissoluzione onesta. Scritti su Thomas Pynchon, Napoli, Cronopio, 2003, pp. 91-106.
10. “The Harmless Yank Hobby: Maps, Games, Missiles and Sundry Paranoias in Time Out of Joint and Gravity’s Rainbow”, Pynchon Notes #52-53, Spring-Fall 2003, pp. 106-123
11. “The Game of the Rat: A.E. Van Vogt’s 800-Words Rule and P.K. Dick’s The Game-Players of Titan”, Science-Fiction Studies #93, 31:2, July 2004, pp. 207-26.
12. “The Great National Disaster: The Destruction of Imperial America in P.K. Dick’s The Simulacra”, RSA: Rivista di Studi Nord Americani #13/2002, pp. 22-39.
13. “Il gioco del ratto: Avvisaglie avantpop in I giocatori di Titano”, Trasmigrazioni: I mondi di Philip K. Dick, eds. Valerio Massimo de Angelis e Umberto Rossi, Firenze, Le Monnier, 2006. pp. 142-55.
14. “California/Marte”, in Antonio Caronia e Domenico Gallo, La macchina della paranoia: Enciclopedia Dickiana, Milano, Agenzia X, 2006, pp. 105-10.
15. “Genealogie”, in Antonio Caronia e Domenico Gallo, La macchina della paranoia: Enciclopedia Dickiana, Milano, Agenzia X, 2006, pp. 147-52.
16. “Ambiguous Spokespersons: The DJ and the Talk-Radio Host in U.S. Fiction, Cinema and Drama.” Ambassadors: American Studies in A Changing World, Ed. M. Bacigalupo, G. Dowling. Rapallo: Busco, 2006, pp. 318-27.
17. “Acousmatic Presences: From DJs to Talk-Radio Hosts in American Fiction, Cinema, and Drama”, Mosaic, 42:1, March 2009, pp. 83-98.
Thanks, Umberto, and keep up the great work!